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Research Article

Trade Liberalization, Technological Change, and the Wage Gap: The Cases of Chile and Mexico

Authors:

Victoria E. Flórez ,

Anna Hallberg

Abstract

The study analyzes the relationship between trade liberalization and technological change on the one hand, and movements in relative wages on the other hand in the cases of Chile and Mexico. Econometric methods are used to test the hypothesis that the elimination of trade barriers and the adoption of new technologies would have an impact on the wage gap between skilled and unskilled workers. The theoretical framework is provided by the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson model, which predicts that international trade expands the wage gap in developed countries and contracts it in developing countries, as well as diverse approaches to technological change. Other factors behind shifts in relative wages, such as movements in the real exchange rate are also explored in the study.

En este estudio se analizan los efectos de la liberalización del comercio y el cambio tecnológico en los salarios relativos, en los casos de Chile y México. A esos efectos se utilizan métodos econométricos a fin de testar la hipótesis de que la eliminación de las barreras comerciales y la adopción de nuevas tecnologías tienen un impacto en los diferenciales salariales entre trabajadores calificados y no calificados. El marco teórico es proporcionado por el modelo de Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson, el cual predice que el comercio internacional expande la brecha salarial en los países desarrollados y la contrae en los países en desarrollo, así como diversos enfoques del cambio tecnológico. Otro factores que pueden afectar los salarios relativos tales como movimientos en la tasa real de cambio son también explorados en este estudio.

How to Cite: Flórez, V.E. & Hallberg, A., (2001). Trade Liberalization, Technological Change, and the Wage Gap: The Cases of Chile and Mexico. Iberoamericana – Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies. 31(1), pp.9–35. DOI: http://doi.org/10.16993/ibero.116
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Published on 01 Jan 2001.
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